2008 - 2009

ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT

Ministry of Education

Book Sector

Dear teachers and parents,

We are pleased to present you with this book as part of a developed chain

of mathematics textbooks. For maximum benefit, please note the following:

1- Before solving the verbal problems, please read them out carefully to your

pupils and make sure they are understood.

2- There are multiples correct methods to answers to some of the problems.

It is sufficient for your pupils to mention only one or some according to

what is required in the problem. It is with these types of questions that we

hope to develop our pupils’ creativity.

3- An attempt has been made to remove barriers between mathematics and

other areas of knowledge, and mathematics and practical life, according

to “curriculum integration”. If today’s scientists are mainly concerned with

“the unity of human knowledge”, then the best time to start is the primary

stage. Therefore, it is expected that every single detail in the book will be

given attention and care even if it does not belong to “mathematics” in the

narrow sense of the word.

4- Some affective aims have been included in this curriculum. This is

achieved by forming attitudes towards some social issues (such as the

population issue) besides developing appreciation and interests towards

the study of mathematics. Therefore, required discussions, comments,

and other like responses should not be ignored under the pretext that they

are not included in school tests.

5- It is not only the customary standards of education in Egypt that have been given

apparent attention, but also modern trends in the teaching of mathematics.

Among these are presenting comprehensive knowledge of numbers before

details pertaining to place value and performing arithmetic operations.

6- In the course of designing this book, circumstances of Egyptian schools

have been taken into consideration. Hence the use of measuring tools and

the performance of practical experiments have been kept to a minimum.

7- There are activities and exercises at the end of each unit. The exercises are

typical of the preplanned output of each unit. The activities, however, might

sometimes exceed the contents of the unit with the purpose of reviving

extra-curricular activities in mathematics. These, in general, support the output

of the unit and can be viewed as enrichment activities at the same time.

May God guide us all to what is in the best interest of our beloved country.

The authors

A foreword to Teachers and Parents

Subject Page

Unit 1: Sets ................................................................................................ 1

Lesson 1: Classifying into Sets .......................................................... 2

Lesson 2: Comparison among Sets ................................................ 6

Unit 1 Activities .................................................................................. 11

Exercises on Unit 1 .......................................................................... 12

Unit 2: Numbers 1-9 & The Half and the Quarter.......................... 14

Lesson 1: Numbers 1, 2, and 3.......................................................... 15

Lesson 2: Numbers 4, 5, and 6.......................................................... 19

Lesson 3: Numbers 7, 8, and 9.......................................................... 25

Lesson 4: Ascending Order and Descending Order .......................... 31

Lesson 5: Ordinal Numbers .............................................................. 35

Lesson 6: Comparing Numbers 1 – 9 ................................................ 37

Lesson 7: Fractions: The Half and the Quarter.................................. 39

Unit 2 Activities .................................................................................. 43

Exercises on Unit 2 .......................................................................... 45

Unit 3: Relative Positions ...................................................................... 47

Lesson 1: In front of / Behind ............................................................ 48

Lesson 2: On / Under ........................................................................ 50

Lesson 3: Top / Bottom...................................................................... 52

Lesson 4: To the right of / To the left of / Between .......................... 54

Lesson 5: Inside / Outside ................................................................ 56

Unit 3 Activities .................................................................................. 58

Exercises on Unit 3 .......................................................................... 61

Unit 4: Addition and Subtraction (up to number 9) ...................... 63

Lesson 1: Using the Addition Sign (+) .............................................. 64

Lesson 2: Finding the Sum of Two Numbers .................................... 66

Lesson 3: Components of the Numbers 2 – 9 .................................. 70

Lesson 4: Using the Subtraction Sign (–) .......................................... 75

Lesson 5: Subtracting Two Numbers ................................................ 77

Lesson 6: The Relation Between Addition and Subtraction .............. 81

Unit 4 Activities .................................................................................. 83

Exercises on Unit 4 .......................................................................... 85

General Exercises .................................................................................. 86

2

First Term Primary 1

¯

(1) Use beautiful colours to colour the set of butterflies:

(2) Colour the set of fruits:

What is the other set called? ...................

3

Mathematics

(3) Circle the set of cars:

(4) Form sets by circling the similar objects together:

¯ Colour the sets you have formed with different colours.

4

First Term Primary 1

(5) Circle the figures that are of the same colour:

(6) Circle the similar figures:

5

Mathematics

(7) Colour the similar figures in the same colour:

(

Circle the small figures:

(9) Circle the big cars:

6

First Term Primary 1

(1) Is there a chair for every child? Yes, No

(2) Join each bird to a nest:

¯

¯

Which are less: the children or the chairs? .................

Which are more: the birds or the nests? .................

7

Mathematics

(3) Complete using “less than” or “more than”:

The spoons are ............ the knives.

The glasses are ............ the plates.

(4) Colour the flowers in red and yellow so that:

the red flowers are more than the yellow flowers:

8

First Term Primary 1

(5) Colour these figures in yellow and blue and form

two sets so that:

the yellow figures are less than the blue ones:

9

Mathematics

(6) Complete the circles so that the two sets have the

same number of elements:

(7) Put (✓) under the box that makes every child takes

a ball:

(

Each cat wants to play with a ball. Draw the missing balls:

10

First Term Primary 1

(10) Join the sets that have equal numbers of elements:

(9) Complete the other snake by drawing the same dots

in their suitable places:

11

Mathematics

(1) Form different sets from these balls:

(2) Join every small ball to a racket, then decide which set is greater:

12

First Term Primary 1

(1) Form sets by more than one way:

(2) Circle the set of small figures:

13

Mathematics

(3) Put (✓) under the bigger set:

(4) Complete the second figure by drawing the same

dots in their suitable places:

(5) Join each of the following figures to the suitable set:

15

Mathematics

............... ............... ...............

Three 3 Two 2 One 1

(1) What is the number of elements in each set? (Circle

the correct answer.)

An example:

(2) Write the number:

1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3

16

First Term Primary 1

¯

(3) What is the number of birds on the branch?

(4) Draw elements in the circles according to the number

below:

One Two Three

1 2 3

Underline the correct answer.

17

Mathematics

¯ ¯

¯

(5) Join to the suitable number:

1

2

3

one flag is red two flags are yellow

three flags are green

(6) Colour the flags so that:

18

First Term Primary 1

(7) Write the shown number:

1 1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

(

Answer the following:

a) How many colours are

there in Egypt flag?

........

c) How many are the Giza

Pyramids?

..........

b) How many ears do

you have? ........

(9) Complete:

a) Numbers can be ordered 1, ..... , ..... or they can be ordered

3, ....., .....

b) 2 is greater than .......

c) 1 is smaller than ..... , .....

19

Mathematics

Six 6 Five 5 Four 4

(1) What is the number? (Circle the correct answer.)

4 5 6 4 5 6 4 5 6

4 5 6 4 5 6 4 5 6

An example:

20

First Term Primary 1

(2) Write the shown number:

4 45

6

5

6

(3) Write the number:

21

Mathematics

(4) Count and underline the suitable number:

3 5 4 465 3 5 4 4 5 3 56 4

(5) Colour 4 flowers:

(6) Colour 3 butterflies:

22

First Term Primary 1

(7) Draw fish according to the number:

3 5 4

(

Count the number of flags in each colour and complete the table:

............. ............. .............

4 1 6 3

(9) Colour the books according to the table:

23

Mathematics

(10) Count, then complete colouring the rectangles

according to the number:

6

5

4

3

2

1

24

First Term Primary 1

¯ ¯ ¯

¯ ¯

a) How many fingers are there in one

hand?

b) How many feet do you have?

c) How many days do you go to school

in the week?

d) Write the number of letters in

each of the following words:

Mother ......... Love ......... Sister .........

Home ......... Math .........

(11) Answer the following:

(12)

a) Complete in order:

• 1, 2, ........., ........., ........., .........

• 6, 5, ........., ........., ........., .........

b) Complete:

• 6 is greater than ........., ........., ........., ........., .........

• 1 is smaller than ........, ........., ........., ........., .........

c) Complete:

• 4 is greater than ........., ........., ........., and smaller

than ........., .........

• 5 is smaller than ........., and greater than .........,

........., ........., .........

¯¯

¯¯

¯

¯

25

Mathematics

Nine 9 Eight 8 Seven 7

(1) What is the number?

An example:

7 8 9

7 8 9

7 8 9

7 8 9

7 8 9

7 8 9

26

First Term Primary 1

(2) Write the shown number:

7 7

8

9

8

9

(3) Join according to the number of dots:

1

3

2

4

5

6

7

8

9

five

seven

two

one

four

three

nine

eight

six

27

Mathematics

¯¯

(4) Count, then write the number:

(6) Complete in order:

Menya: ........... letters.

Assiut: ........... letters.

a) 1, ......, ......, 4 , ......, ......, ......

b) ......, 8, 7, ......, ......

(5) Write the number of letters of the following

two governorates:

28

First Term Primary 1

(7) Complete according to the pattern:

(

Colour 3 flowers in yellow and 5 flowers in red,

then answer the following questions:

4

7

4

3

2 1

9

8

7

1

2 3

4

5 6

1

2

a) What is the number of flowers you coloured? ......

b) What is the number of the remaining flowers? ...........

29

Mathematics

(9) Complete forming sets of 7 apples, then answer

the questions:

(10) Find out the pattern and complete:

a) How many sets did you form? ................

b) How many apples are left? ...........

a) 5, 6, 7, ......., .......

b) 5, 4, 3, ......., .......

c) 1, 3, 5, ......., .......

d) 8, 6, ......., .......

30

First Term Primary 1

(11) Complete the table according to the number:

2 ................ ................

(12) Find out the pattern, then complete:

3 7 2 5 6 4

31

Mathematics

(1) Notice and complete the colouring starting from 1:

(2) Notice and complete the colouring starting from 9:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

Ascending Order

(from the smallest to the greatest)

Descending Order

(from the greatest to the smallest)

32

First Term Primary 1

(3) Complete in order:

(4) Complete in order:

(5) Complete:

(6) Join the dots in order:

1

9 ...... 7

2 3

......

......

......

......

4

......

......

......

......

......

......

......

¯

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a) 1, ....., ....., 4, 5, ....., .....

b) ....., 8, 7, 6, .....

a) 3 is smaller than ...., ...., ....

b) 7 is greater than ...., ...., ....

c) The number .... is smaller than 9 and greater than 7.

d) The number .... is greater than 3 and smaller than 5.

What do you call the

resulting figure? ..........

Colour this figure.

33

Mathematics

(7) Put the following numbers in ascending order:

(from the smallest to the greatest)

(from the greatest to the smallest)

(

Put the following numbers in descending order :

5 , 8 , 1 , 7

, , ,

2 , 7 , 4 , 3

1 , 4 , 7 , 3

2 , 8 , 5 , 4

, , ,

(9) Circle the greatest number:

(10) Circle the smallest number:

34

First Term Primary 1

¯¯

(11) Complete writing the numbers in figures, then put

them in ascending and descending order:

eight six five nine four one

8 ...... ...... ...... ...... ......

ascending order: ......, ......, ......, ......, ......, ......

descending order: ......, ......, ......, ......, ......, ......

(12) Join the following numbers from the smallest to the greatest:

2

3

5

4

7

6

8

9

(13) Complete in order: 1 2

4

4 5

9

(14) Complete in order:

......

......

......

......

...... ......

8

6

3

35

Mathematics

¯¯¯¯

(1) The running race:

(2) Write the order of the underlined picture as in the example:

An example:

What order is the runner with the badge? ..........

Draw the badge of the second runner.

Draw the badge of the fifth runner.

What order is the runner with the badge? ..........

Order

fourth

............

............

............

............

4

.......

.......

.......

.......

36

First Term Primary 1

(3) Colour the fifth figure in red, the first figure in

green, and the seventh figure in yellow:

1 2 3

5 4

7

6

5 , 2 , 7 , 6 , 9 , 3

(4) The following numbers are not in order:

Complete:

a) If we order these numbers ascendingly (from the smallest to

the greatest), the first number will be .................. and the

number 7 will be the .................. in order.

b) If we order these numbers descendingly (from the greatest to

the smallest), the first number will be .................. and the

number 7 will be the .................. in order.

37

Mathematics

¯¯¯¯

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¯¯¯¯¯

¯¯¯

¯¯¯

¯¯¯¯

¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

< , = , and > signs

4 < 7

3 = 3

7 > 4

(1) Count, write the number, then choose the suitable sign:

(< , = , or >):

6 .......

....... .......

38

First Term Primary 1

(2) Complete:

1 < 2 < 3 < ..... < ..... < ..... < ..... < ..... < .....

9 > 8 > 7 > ..... > ..... > ..... > ..... > ..... > .....

(3) Complete as in the example:

Example: 5 > 3

3 6

2 2

2 1

7 6

6 3

9 8

2 <

5 >

3 >

4 =

< 7

> 8

=

<

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

(4) Complete in order:

1

1 7

2 2

4

...... ......

......

......

...... ......

...... ......

......

......

6

One orange = 2 halves

39

Mathematics

(1) Put (✓) under every figure divided into two equal parts:

(2) Write under the figure if half of it is coloured:

One loaf = 2 halves

40

First Term Primary 1

(3) Colour of each of the following figures:

(4) Divide each figure into 2 halves and colour one of the

two halves:

41

Mathematics

(5) Put (✓) under every figure divided into four equal parts:

One loaf = 4 quarters One apple = 4 quarters

(6) Write under the figure if a quarter of it is coloured:

42

First Term Primary 1

(7) Colour of each of the following figure:

(

Divide each figure into 4 quarters and colour one

of its quarters:

43

Mathematics

¯

¯

(1) Complete the table so that each row and column

contains the numbers 1 – 5:

(2)

1 4 3 2 5

4

3

2

5

What is the number of parts in this figure? .............. .

What is the number of colours in this figure? .............. .

44

First Term Primary 1

(3) Write the number of beads of each colour:

(4) Think carefully:

The colour The number

a) Maha has 2 brothers and 2 sisters. How many brothers

and sisters does her brother Adel have? ................

b) Ahmed has a number of stamps less than 9 and more than 7.

Complete: Ahmed has ................ stamps.

45

Mathematics

......................

......................

......................

(1) Write the number under each set:

(2) Draw circles according to the number:

9 7 1 4

...........

46

First Term Primary 1

(3) Put the numbers in ascending order:

(4) Complete:

(5) Write the fraction which represents the coloured part:

........... ...........

7 < .......

9 > .......

....... < 6

3 < .......

Complete: 3 , 1, 4, 9 , 8

The numbers in ascending order are:

......., ......., ......., ......., .......

48

First Term Primary 1

¯

¯

¯

¯

Mariam Aesha Mona Fadia Salwa

(1) Complete:

Who is standing in front of Mona?

...........................................................................................

Who is standing behind Aesha?

...........................................................................................

Who is standing in front of Fadia?

...........................................................................................

Who is standing between Fadia and Aesha?

...........................................................................................

49

Mathematics

(2) Colour the dog sitting in front of the house in yellow

and the dog sitting behind the house in red.

(3) Colour the boat in front of the red one in yellow.

Colour the boat behind the green one in blue.

50

First Term Primary 1

(2) Colour the ball under the chair. Draw a ball on the

table:

(1) Colour the butterfly standing on the flower:

51

Mathematics

¯

¯

¯

¯

¯

¯

¯

(3) Look at the picture and complete using the words:

The red book is ............ the

yellow book.

The blue book is .......... the

yellow book.

The green book is ....... the

red book.

The yellow cube is under the

.......... cube.

The yellow cube is on the ..........

cube.

The .......... cube is on the blue

cube.

The green cube is under the

.......... cube.

(on or under)

(red, yellow, green or blue)

(4) Look at the picture and complete using the words:

52

First Term Primary 1

¯

¯

Omar

Tamer

Gamal

(1)

Who is standing at the top of the slide? ............

Who is standing at the bottom of the slide? ............

(2) Colour the books on the upper shelf in yellow and

colour the books on the lower shelf in red:

53

Mathematics

(3) Colour the birds flying at the top of the picture in

yellow and colour the birds flying at the bottom of

the picture in green.

54

First Term Primary 1

(1) Colour the books to the right of Hossam in yellow,

and colour the books to the left of Hossam in green:

(2) Draw a flower in Soad’s right hand and a ball in

Ahmed’s left hand:

Ahmed Soad

55

Mathematics

¯

¯

¯

(3)

Who is standing to the right of Mohamed?

........................................................................................

Who is standing to the left of Maged?

........................................................................................

Who is standing between Adel and Mohamed?

........................................................................................

Ayman Mohamed Maged Adel

56

First Term Primary 1

(1) Colour the birds inside the cage in yellow, and

colour the birds outside the cage in green:

(2) Colour the hens outside the cage:

57

Mathematics

(3) Draw a blue ball inside the glass bowl and a yellow

ball outside it:

(5) Draw a line with the chicken inside it and the cats

outside it:

(4) Colour the children in the bus in red and the children

outside the bus in yellow:

58

First Term Primary 1

¯

(1) Look at the coloured figure. Colour the second figure

to be completely similar to the coloured one:

(2) Colouring the cars:

Colour one of the cars in yellow and the other in red so

that the ball is in front of the red car and behind the yellow

car.

59

Mathematics

¯¯

¯¯¯

(3) Colouring the circles:

Use green, yellow, blue, and red to colour the circles

(each circle in a different colour) so that:

the yellow circle is to the right of the green circle.

the green circle is between two circles.

the red circle is to the right of the yellow circle.

(4) The ropes and the balls:

a) Colour the balls to the left of the green rope in red.

b) Colour the balls under the red rope and to the right of the

green rope in yellow.

60

First Term Primary 1

¯

(5) Turn signals:

(6) Find out the pattern and complete:

Colour the cars that will turn right in red and the cars

that will turn left in yellow.

61

Mathematics

¯¯

What colour are the balls on the table? ..........

What colour are the balls under the table? ..........

(1)

(2) Draw one flower to the right of the flower in the

vase and 2 flowers to the left of it:

62

First Term Primary 1

(3) How many children are there:

(4) How many

birds are

there:

¯¯¯¯

Ahmed

in front of Ahmed? .........

behind Ahmed? .........

in front of the girl standing behind Ahmed? .........

behind the girl standing in front of Ahmed? .........

¯¯¯¯

inside the red frame? .........

inside the blue frame? ........

outside the red frame? ........

outside the blue frame? ......

64

First Term Primary 1

¯¯

¯ ¯

¯

(1) Complete:

(2) Complete:

(3) Complete:

There are ........... red flowers and ........... yellow flowers.

The number of all flowers is:

3 + 4

The number of the red candles = ...... The number of the yellow candles = ......

The number of all the candles is: ...... + ......

¯ ¯

¯

The number of the white eggs = .......... The number of the red eggs = ..........

The total number of the eggs is: .......... + ..........

65

Mathematics

..... + ..... ....... ....... ....... .......

(4) Complete the cards: (5) Draw the elements and

then complete the cards:

5 + 3

(6) Colour (4 + 5) squares:

(7) Complete as in the example:

Example:

2 + 3

1 + ....

.... + ....

.... + ....

.... + ....

66

First Term Primary 1

¯

3 6 9

3 + = 6 9

4 + = 3 ..........

+ = ......... ......... .........

¯

¯

(1) Complete:

(2) Colour the sum that equals the circled number:

7 + 1 6 + 1 3 + 4 4 + 3 6 + 2

3 + 3 4 + 2 2 + 7 3 + 5 5 + 1

5 + 4 4 + 5 2 + 7 5 + 5 1 + 8

6

7

9

..... + ..... = .....

......

......

......

.... + ....

..... + ..... = .....

......

......

......

.... + ....

67

Mathematics

(2) Draw elements and complete the cards:

(1) Notice the example and complete in the same way:

3 + 4 = 7

7 3 + 4

3 4

6 + 2 = .....

......

..... + ..... = .....

......

3 ......

......

5

.... + .... .... + ....

68

First Term Primary 1

¯ ¯

¯ ¯

¯ ¯

¯ ¯

¯ ¯ ¯

¯ ¯

¯¯¯¯¯¯

(3) Add:

(4) Complete with the suitable sign:

( < , = , or > )

5 + 4 = ........ 2 + 6 = ........

2 + 2 = ........ 3 + 3 = ........

7 + 1 = ........ 1 + 1 = ........

5 + 3 = ........ 4 + 4 = ........

5

+ 2

_______

.......

2

+ 2

_______

.......

3

+ 4

_______

.......

7

+ 2

_______

.......

1

+ 8

_______

.......

6 + 2 5

2 + 5 9

3 + 4 8

2 + 3 2 + 4

5 + 7 5 + 6

4 + 2 3 + 3

69

Mathematics

¯

¯

¯

¯

¯

(5) Calculate the price of each of the following:

(6)

(7)

(

(9)

...... + ...... = ......

The price is L.E. ........

...... + ...... = ......

The price is L.E. ........

...... + ...... = ......

The price is L.E. ........

...... + ...... = ......

The price is L.E. ........

...... + ...... = ......

The price is L.E. ........

L.E. 2 L.E. 7

L.E. 2 L.E. 3

L.E. 5

L.E. 1

L.E. 6

L.E. 4

L.E. 2

L.E. 3

Farah bought milk for L.E. 2 and candies for L.E. 2. How much

money did Farah pay? Farah paid L.E. .......

(..... + ..... = .....)

Omar bought a box of crayons for L.E. 5 and a colouring

book for L.E. 4. Omar paid L.E. ........

(..... + ..... = .....)

A group of friends consists of 3 children. Two other children

joined them. What is the number of children in the new group?

The number of the new group =

+ =

Ahmed has 3 balloons and he bought another 3. How many

balloons does he have?

The number of balloons =

+ =

70

First Term Primary 1

¯¯

Components of number 5

3 + 2 5 4 + 1

2 + 3 1 + 4

5 = 3 + ...... = ...... + 3

5 = 4 + ...... = ...... + 4

3 + .......

2 + .......

4 + .......

1 + .......

5 Complete:

Complete:

Components of number 4

Four 4

1 + 3

...... + ......

71

Mathematics

¯¯

¯¯

4 = 2 + ......

4 = 3 + ...... = ...... + 3

3 + .......

....... + 3

2 + .......

4

Look at the picture and complete:

Components of number 7

There are 7 dogs in the picture.

You can write 1 + ..... or or

Then, 7 = 1 + ....... = 2 + ....... = 3 + .......

And also: 7 = 6 + ....... = 5 + ....... = 4 + .......

2 + ..... 3 + .....

Components of number 3

1 + .......

2 + .......

3 ..... .....

2 + ..... 1 + ..... = = 3

Complete:

72

First Term Primary 1

¯ ¯

¯ ¯

¯ ¯

Components of number 6

Join each of the two numbers 6 and 7 by their components:

1 + .......

2 + .......

3 + .......

4 + .......

5 + .......

6

Look at the picture and complete:

6 = 1 + ....... 6 = ....... + 1

6 = 2 + ....... 6 = ....... + 2

6 = 3 + ....... 6 = ....... + 3

6

5 + 1

1 + 6

3 + 3

7 + 1

4 + 2 6 + 3

4 + 3

5 + 2

7

73

Mathematics

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¯¯

¯ ¯

¯ ¯

¯ ¯

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Components of number 2

Complete:

Complete:

Complete:

Complete:

2 = 1 + .......

Components of number 8

1 + ..... ..... + 1

..... + 2

..... + 3

..... + 4

2 + .....

3 + .....

4 + .....

8 = 1 + ....... = 2 + ....... = 3 + ....... = 4 + .......

8 = 7 + ....... = 6 + ....... = 5 + ....... = 4 + .......

1 + ...... 5 + ......

2 + ...... 6 + ......

3 + ...... 7 + ......

4 + ...... 8 + ......

9 Components of number 9

9 = 1 + ....... 9 = 5 + .......

9 = 2 + ....... 9 = 6 + .......

9 = 3 + ....... 9 = 7 + .......

9 = 4 + ....... 9 = 8 + .......

74

First Term Primary 1

Join each of the two numbers 8 and 9 by their components:

4 + 5 3 + 5

4 + 6

6 + 3

6 + 2

7 + 1 7 + 2

4 + 4

4 + 7

7 + 1

8 9

Complete:

4 + ....... = 7

4 + ....... > 7

5 + 2 > 5 + .....

2 + 7 = 3 + .....

..... + 1 > 2 + 5

8 + 1 = ..... + 3

3 + ..... < 1 + 4

5 + ..... = 4 + 3

....... + 2 = 9

....... + 2 < 9

..... + ..... = 2

..... + ..... > 2

3 + ....... = 6

3 + ....... < 6

75

Mathematics

¯¯¯

Fatema bought 5 balloons, 2 of them flew away.

Complete:

Complete:

The number of the balloons is .........

The number of the balloons that flew away is .........

The number of the remaining balloons = 3 = 5 - 2

¯¯¯

The number of the bottles is .........

The number of the bottles that fell is .........

The number of the remaining bottles is ...... - ......

76

First Term Primary 1

Complete:

¯¯¯

The total number of the children is ........

The number of the sitting children is ........

The number of the standing children is ........ - ........

77

Mathematics

(1) Complete:

5 - 3 =

9 - 4 =

8 - 5 =

6 - 2 =

78

First Term Primary 1

¯ ¯

¯

(3) Join the equal results:

(4) Find the result and put the suitable sign:

(<, =, or >)

(2) Complete:

8 - 3 = ........ 9 - 5 = ........

7 - 4 = ........

4

- 2

_______

.......

6

- 4

_______

.......

5

- 4

_______

.......

9 - 3 8 - 2 5 - 3 7 - 5 6 - 3

2 3 6

a) 6 - 3

c) 9 - 3

e) 6 + 1

3

5

5 - 2

b) 8 - 5

d) 7 + 2

f) 8 - 2

4

9 - 3

6 + 1

79

Mathematics

(5) What is the amount you will pay?

(6) Choose the suitable sign (+) or (–) for the arithmetic

operation to be correct:

(7) Complete:

8 - 2 = L.E. ........

........ - 3 = L.E. ........

......................

L.E. 8

L.E. 3

L.E. 6

L.E. 1

L.E. 2

L.E. 3

none

3 2 = 5

5 4 = 9

4 = 5 1

7 1 = 6

7 = 5 2

2 = 1 1

7 - .... = 3

8 - .... = 1

.... - 1 = 5

5 + ....> 9 - 1

2 + 4 < 9 - ....

.... + 3 > 6 - 3

6 - .... > 3

9 - 5 > ....

7 - .... < 5

Items Discount Paid amount

80

First Term Primary 1

(

Choose the suitable sign (+ , – or =) in order to get

a correct arithmetic operation:

(9)

(10)

(11)

(12)

(13)

5

8

4

4

7

5

9

1

1

3

3

3

2

2

5

1

5

2

6

3

2

7

3

9

1

6

7

A group of friends has 5 children met together, two of

them left. How many children remained?

..............................

Hanaa has 8 balls. She lost 3 of them. How many balls

remain with her?

..............................

Khaled had 9 balloons. Four of them flew away. How

many balloons does Khaled have now?

..............................

Youssef had 7 marbles. 5 fell into a hole. How many

marbles left with Youssef?

..............................

Tamer drew 9 oranges. He wanted

to colour them but he spilled the

colouring ink on the paper. Look at the

picture and calculate the number of

oranges hiding under the ink.

..............................

81

Mathematics

(1) Notice and complete:

a) We had 4 balls and added another 3 to them.

b) We had 7 balls and we took away 3.

4 .....

4 + 3 = .......

+3

7 .....

7 - 3 = .......

– 3

+ 3

– 3

7 4

Notice: The opposite figure shows the

2 last cases in one figure. We

notice that subtraction is the

inverse of addition.

82

First Term Primary 1

(2) Complete:

(3) Complete:

+5

.....

.....

.....

.....

.....

8

7

1

4

+1

-1

.....

.....

.....

9

8

3

5

7

+4 .....

.....

5

5 1 4

7 ..... .....

6 + 1 = ......

...... – 1 = 6

1 + 6 = ......

5 + 4 = ......

.... – .... = .... .... – .... = ....

4 + 5 = ......

...... – 6 = 1

83

Mathematics

(2) Notice and deduce the rule, then complete:

(1) Complete:

(3)

.....

.....

..... +1

-3 8

2

5 3

...... ......

......

......

7

9

8

4

6

8

7

4

......

......

a) Write two consecutive numbers whose sum is 7 ..........,

.............

b) Choose 2 of the following five digits: 7 , 3 , 1 , 9 , 4 so

that their sum is as small as possible ......... , .........

c) Choose 2 of the following five digits: 6 , 2 , 3 , 5 , 8 so

that the difference between them is as great as possible

............. , .............

84

First Term Primary 1

(4) Find out the pattern, then complete:

(5) Find out the pattern and complete:

(6) Write the numbers from 1 to 9 in the nine circles

so that the sum of each 2 circles have the colour

give the circle in the center:

6 5 7 9

3 1 5 ........ ........

........ ........

4

a) 2 , 4, ....... , .......

b) , , , .............. , ..............

c) 9 , 7 , ....... , ....... , .......

85

Mathematics

5 + 4 = .......... 6 + 3 = .......... .......... + 4 = 7

5 = .......... + 2 9 - 6 = .......... 5 - .......... = 3

8 - .......... = 4 .......... - 3 = 3

7 + 2 = 3 + .......... 5 + .......... = 8 - 2

.......... - 4 < 4 9 - 2 = 6 + ..........

2 + 5 = .......... + 3 3 + .......... > 7

(1) Complete:

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

2

+ 7

_______

.......

4

+ 4

_______

.......

6

- 1

_______

.......

9

- 8

_______

.......

6

+3

......

+2 -2 -4

...... 6

......

......

......

Kareem bought a magazine for L.E. 4 and a pen for

L.E. 3. How much did Kareem pay?

...........................

The class football team included of 7 players. On a

training day one of them was absent. How many

players were training on that day?...........................

Aly paid seven pounds for a toy he chose in a toy

shop after a discount of two pounds. What was the

price of the toy before the discount?

.......................................

86

First Term Primary 1

(1) Draw circles according to the number:

4 7 9 1

(2) Count and complete

the two tables:

......... ......... ......... ......... ......... .........

(3) Draw 2 yellow balls inside the tennis court and 2

red balls outside it:

(4) Arrange in ascending order:

Complete: The numbers in ascending order are:

........., ........., ........., ........., .........

3 , 1, 4 , 9 , 8

Exercise 1

According to the shape: According to the colour:

87

Mathematics

¯¯¯¯

(5) Complete by using one of the signs < , = , or > :

(3) Complete:

(6) Write the fraction which represents the coloured part:

(1) Circle the objects of the same colour:

(2) Write the number under each set:

Exercise 2

a) 3 + 4 7

c) 3 + 5 9

b) 9 - 4 4

d) 5 - 3 2

......... ......... .........

......... ......... .........

The yellow lies ........ the green.

The red is under the ....... colour.

The yellow is to the ........ of the blue.

The black is to the ........ of the green.

88

First Term Primary 1

(4) Arrange in descending order:

(5) Find the result:

(6) Colour according to the fraction:

(1) Circle the set of bananas, then count the bananas:

(2) Write the numeral of the following numbers:

2 , 4 , 6 , 9 , 7

Complete: The numbers in descending order are:

........., ........., ........., ........., .........

Exercise 3

3 - 1 = ........ f) 2 + 4 = ........

a)

e)

b) c) d) 6

+ 3

_______

.......

9

- 2

_______

.......

4

+ 4

_______

.......

8

- 5

_______

.......

Number of bananas:

.....................

nine four three eight

....... ....... ....... .......

89

Mathematics

¯¯¯¯

(3) Complete:

(5) Write the fraction which represents the coloured part:

(1) Colour the similar shapes in similar colours:

(4) Arrange the numbers in ascending order, then in descending order:

(6) Complete according to the same rule:

Exercise 4

Who is standing behind Tahia? ..........

Who is standing in front of Eman? .........

Who is standing in front of Fayza? .........

Who is standing between Fayza and

Tahia? .......... Sabah Tahia Eman Fayza Samia

Ascending order : ........., ........., ........., ........., .........

Descending order : ........., ........., ........., ........., .........

5 , 4 , 8 , 6 , 7

....... ....... .......

a) 1 , 3 , 5 , ....... b) 8 , 6 , ....... , 2

c) 9 , ....... , ....... , 6 , 5 , ....... , .......

....... ....... .......

Then count according to the shape:

90

First Term Primary 1

¯¯¯

:¿ƒ∏ªdG AõédG πãªj iòdG ô°ùμdG ÖàcG (5)

I love mom and dad.

.............................................

(2) Write the letters used in the following sentence

(without repetition), then count the letters you wrote:

(3) Complete:

(4) Arrange in descending order:

(5) Write the fraction which represents the coloured part:

(6) Complete with one of the signs (<, =, or >):

......... is standing to the right of Amina.

Salwa is standing to the .......... of Aly.

Amina is standing between .............

and .......... salwa Aly Amina Hany

Complete: The numbers in descending order are:

........., ........., ........., ........., .........

....... ....... .......

a) 8 - 3 6

c) 6 + 2 8

b) 3 + 2 4

d) 9 - 1 9

91

Mathematics

Exercise 5

(1) Circle the figure of the same shape and colour:

(2) Complete:

(4) Complete: (5) Complete with suitable

numbers:

(3) Complete in order:

(6) Colour according to the fraction:

..... + ..... = .....

..... .....

5

5

8

2 3

c) 5 - ...... = 3 d) 7 + ...... = 9

1 + 4 = ...... a) b) 8

- 1

_______

.......

a) 7 < ......

b) 9 > ......

c) ..... < 6

d) 3 < ......

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